Cognitive skills (especially national math average) and the economic growth puzzle of Latin America

Here, I will mostly rely on the paper by Hanushek and Woessmann (2009) – Schooling, Cognitive Skills, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle.

Note that in the following table by Hanushek & Woessmann (2009), they used the data up to SERCE 2006, not TERCE 2013. So the data are not exactly up to date, but the cognitive skills growths tend to be very painfully slow around the world, especially in the Latin American countries. I use this table below especially because their estimated data include Venezuela and Bolivia which never participated in any of SERCE, TERCE, TIMSS, or PISA. As both of Venezuela and Bolivia in the results here have the 2 of the 3 lowest regional math/reading combined scores in the entire Latin American countries, I felt that I could use the data provided here to persuade the governments of these countries especially while the overall Latin American countries are roughly ranging between C and F-1 in the international standard of math education if we set Germany or Canada as A countries, especially for the national math average. Due to the lack of the exclusively math data, I will just use the combined cognitive skill data of math and reading.

Hanusehk & Woessmann's LAC EDU table 2009

Source: Hanushek and Woessmann (2009) – Schooling, Cognitive Skills, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle.

 

reading-and-math-test-scores-in-latin-america-1997-2006

Source: THE UNEQUAL LAG IN LATIN AMERICAN SCHOOLING SINCE 1900: FOLLOW THE MONEY

 

 

 

 

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current focus on MMU x.x series

MMU1: just to uplift the math poorest half average to the math top half average, which normally would take at least 50-100 years in the average OECD nations with almost no exceptions at least according to the PISA and TIMSS math rsults 1995-2015 (and you should know that this is a revolution, not some sort of useless reforms that have been going on in the entire developed OECD nations). To reduce the hyper-skepticism, my initial target may be reducing the math poverty by 20-30% and raising the proficiency in similar manner, which still would normally take at least 30-50+ years in at least 90% of the developed countries, their states or big cities. Current focus is on the MMU1 series as the warm-up exercises as forms of pilot studies to demonstrate the math EDU revolution is not only possible in spite of the hyper-bureaucracy of the EDU establishments that simply would not any of the most breakthrough innovations in EDU and will instead keep on playing with the furitless, fancy toys of the math EDU apps and technology.

The Fundamental Premises Of USL1 And USL

USL will use the colossal cognitive capital potentials of STEM education (especially Math at the moment), because USL can make the learning 10-50 times faster and more effective than the Business As Usual typically, to trigger the equally colossal gains in the socio-economy in exchange of their willingness of the participating governments - under a new UN-led treaty hopefully - to collectively contribute the reasonable ratios of the expected surplus gains in their economies to resolve the top global crises. Each of the governments will mostly focus on resolving their crises of course, but they have to contribute to the world communities to prosper with the sustainable growths together not at the exclusion of half of the world that is poverty-stricken. USL 1 will be the fastest, easiest, and cheapest way to collectively contribute the effectively gained, USL1.0-induced surplus economy (in a sustainable manner) to resolve the most serious global crises (for all governments and the UN) based on the 5UE principles: to transition towards the resource-based, renewable energy-based, sustainable global environment and the circular economy, to help end the poverty much faster than without, while making the average people learn math and science faster and easier than prodigies. As the original USL is too fast and too disruptive (as it can literally make average people learn math and science 1,000%-50,000% times faster) to transform and people are too skeptical, we are currently focusing on only 2-5% and up to 10% at most of its capacity called USL 0.25-0.5-1.0 for the state and national governments as well as the UN.

USL1 Global Movements With Governments: 3 Steps & 3-Tier Economic Gains

STEP 1) Math Education Reform USL 0.25 at the city and USL 0.5 at the state government levels (advancing their regional average math skill levels by half a year, which normally takes 10-30 years to most of the OECD countries, in just 2-3 years). STEP 2) Math Education Reform USL 0.5 at the state government levels (advancing their regional average math skill levels by 1 year or more, which normally takes 2-5 decades to most of the OECD countries, in just 2-4 years). STEP 3) Math Education Reform USL 1 at the national government & the UN treaty levels (advancing their regional average math skill levels by 2 years or more, which (almost) never happened to virtuallly all of the OECD member countries, in just 2-5 years). For each of the following step, we will try to create local, regional, or national Social Enterprise for each government - if they are willing as the gains are tremendous potentially - to share the profits together. So the governments will have the 3-layered benefits: ... 1) USL 0.x will enrich not only the math education that helps each USL x participating regions, 2) but also to prosper together as Social Enterprise board members of the corresponding regions. 3) once the UN gets involved, then the certain portions of the massive surpluses to their local or regional economies will be properly redistributed for the global social, energy, environmental, equality and poverty causes.